Telogen effluvium is a temporary form of hair loss caused by an increase in hair shedding. It can be triggered in response to stress, pregnancy, illness, withdrawal of hormonal medicines, commencing a new medication and weight loss. The diagnosis is made clinically, and a ‘hair pull’ test may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Losing one’s hair can be traumatic, but it is important to be reassured that telogen effluvium usually self resolves, and no specific treatment is required. Hair will usually start growing back after the trigger is removed. However, to support optimal regrowth Dr Ophelia will advise on nutritional supplements and potentially courses of minoxidil or PRF to encourage a speedy recovery from the shedding.
Anagen effluvium occurs when there is an abrupt increase in hair shedding during the growing, or anagen phase, of hair growth. Much of the hair on the scalp, and often body hair, is lost. Causes of anagen effluvium include the effects of drugs such as chemotherapy, radiation, infections and autoimmune disease.